But here’s a mystery.
This story is from the 1993 collection of Cambodian folk tales entitled Cambodian Folk Tales from the Gatiloke. I should preface the telling of the story by explaining a little bit about the Gatiloke: it is a vast body of hundreds of folk tales that has existed in Cambodia for many centuries and not committed to paper until the late 19th century.
In 1993 and American academic Muriel Paskin Carrison interviewed Cambodian refugee to the USA the Venerable Kong Chhean, a Buddhist monk who shared with Muriel a number of these folk stories. Coming in 1993, this set of stories provided one of the first glimpses of Cambodian culture available to the west since the tragic wars of the 1970s. The book is still available, and the stories are timeless, though many of the footnotes compiled for the volume have since been overtaken by modern history. For anybody wanting to teach in Cambodia, this volume is well worth reading, and I have often thought that it would make a great basis for a set of teaching modules.
In this particular tale called A Father, a Son and a Donkey, a farmer and his son wish to take their young donkey to the local market to be sold. It is a long way to the market, and the father is concerned that the donkey will grow skinny and lean if they walk it all the way. So he comes up with a great idea; he will string the donkey upside down from a pole, and carry it in the same manner as farmers might carry a squealing pig. So far so good. His son agrees to carry the other end of the pole. They also have a heavy pack and several bags to carry, so they string these up as well.
However the father and son don’t get very far when they start drawing jeers and laughter from other farmers also en route to the market. ” I think you’ve confused your donkey for a pig!” yells one farmer. ” I would hate to taste the pork from that pig!” laughs another farmer. “What a pair of idiots,” calls another.
Embarrassed by all this attention, the farmer lowers the donkey to the ground and un-strings it from the pole. ” I suppose we look pretty stupid,” he admits, “so let’s untie the donkey, and son – you ride him.”
” But won’t the donkey lose weight?” asks the son.
” That’s okay, I’ll carry the pack as well as our other bags so that we don’t overload the donkey,” explains the father.
” Good thinking,” says his son.
They set off, but again they don’t get very far before other travellers start to react. These other people look angry at the son and tell him that he is very ungrateful; riding in comfort on the back of the donkey while his father is forced to carry the pack and all those bags.
“What a terrible son! No respect for your father!”
The father and son come up with a good solution. This time the father will ride on the donkey while the son carries the bags. Surely this time everybody will be happy.
But no! As they approach a village they come across several young women washing clothes in a stream. The women look up and smile and remark what a handsome boy the son is. They also remark what a beautiful donkey he is leading. The son smiles proudly. But then the group of young women turn their attention to the father sitting astride the donkey. ” He looks like an old monkey up there,” says one girl. Another calls out to the boy: “why don’t you get up on the donkey, you would look like a king.”
The boy is embarrassed and he whispers to his father,”we just don’t seem to do it right! Should we change places again?”
The father is getting clearly frustrated. “First we carry the donkey and everybody laughs at us, then they get angry when you ride the donkey, and now they seem to be upset when I ride the donkey. There is only one other option, and that is for us both to ride the donkey.”
“Great idea,” says his faithful son. “Dad, you always have the answers!”
So now the father and son ride the donkey carrying the heavy bags on their shoulders. As they approach a village they come across a customs officer who appraises the sight of the father and the son and all the bags loading down the young donkey. “That’s just not right,” he tells them. “That donkey is very young and little and you two are cruelly weighing that poor little donkey down.”
“To be honest, I agree with you,” says the father. He turns to his son and says, “forget the pole, lets just carry the donkey instead.”
Now the father and the son are taking turns carrying the young donkey over their shoulders. They don’t get far, as they cross through a field of high grasses, when a local farmer calls out: “Hey you two! That field is full of thorns and you could easily cut your legs. You really ought to ride the donkey and protect yourselves!”
The father lowers the donkey down, and the donkey starts chewing happily on the grass. ” whatever we do, we never seem to please anybody,” sighs the father. “what on earth are we going to do? How are we ever going to get to the market?”
And that is where the story ends. The moral is clear. If you rely solely on the opinions of other people, then you will never get anywhere in life.
I love this story, and it reminds me that Cambodians respect those who use their intelligence and possess a healthy dose of self-esteem. These two, the farmer and his son lack both. But here’s a mystery: when I read Aesop’s Fables recently the same story was there! Has somebody ripped-off Aesop – or have these stories traveled the silk road over the centuries?
You want another tale? For another folk story about the mischievous Judge Rabbit: click here.
Or how about the Nervous Rabbit and the Earthquake?
A collection of folk tales, on-line, has also been published. Cambodian folk tales.