When Savong first established his school in 2005 and childrens home in 2008 there were few restrictions or regulations. Back, ten years ago, anybody could set up an NGO, and for every ten good organisations that established themselves, with clear objectives and sound service delivery, there was perhaps one “cowboy” operation – some say more – that was established either as a money making venture (orphan tourism for example,) or with good intentions but seriously weak delivery. From a humanitarian agency point of view it was the wild west.
Well, the sun is setting on those days. Today Savong is in Phnom Penh on a business journey to see the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Education, Youth & Sport (MOEYS) to process paperwork that both ministries are demanding of NGOs: the Memorandum of Understanding which forms, in simple terms, a contract between the NGO and (via the Government) the people of Cambodia. The MoUs spell out:
- The objectives and purpose of the organisation
- The resources and deliverables of that organisation
- The organisation structure – a clear list of who is accountable
- Three years’ worth of budgets
- Evidence that the NGO is well supported and will continue to be supported.
What does the Government provide in exchange? Not resources exactly (they charge a fee to submit a MoU) but they do provide support for registered NGOs, and they also provide for foreign supporters a degree of genuine legitimacy. Our NGO has already been audited successfully as part of the process and the audit was an opportunity to share best practices.
Nobody loves paperwork, do they? But in this case Savong is genuinely excited by these dealing with Government. I suspect this is due to a sense of inclusivity that is being fostered by the Ministries who, by weaving independent NGOs into the social welfare fabric (and by shutting down the cowboys), are starting to put Cambodia on the track of having a more cohesive social policy. Cambodia benefits when the Government starts dealing with the front-line agencies.